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Israel skeptical to nuclear deal with Iran. Unclear if Teheran has a right to enrich uranium or not.

Chief negotiator Catherine Ashton and Iran's foreign minister announce agreement on Iran's nuclear program early on Sunday, November 24 in Geneva. From left to right: British Foreign Secretary William Hague, German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle, EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius.Photo Credit to Fabrice Coffrini/AFP/Getty Images

Chief negotiator Catherine Ashton and Iran's foreign minister announce agreement on Iran's nuclear program early on Sunday, November 24 in Geneva. From left to right: British Foreign Secretary William Hague, German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle, EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius.Photo Credit to Fabrice Coffrini/AFP/Getty Images

Geneva, Switzerland — A initial six month deal was struck early Sunday between Iran and six world powers over Tehran’s nuclear program that  puts a framework slowing Iran´s country’s nuclear development program. That deal is in exchange for lifting some sanctions while a more formal agreement is worked out.

The deal was formally announced by Catherine Ashton, the European Union’s foreign policy chief, in Geneva where the foreign ministers representing Iran, the United States, Britain, China, Russia, France and Germany were meeting. The Iran nuclear deal is a first step requiring actions by both sides, which have “a strong commitment to negotiate a final comprehensive solution,” Ashton said.

The agreement — described as an “initial, six-month” deal — includes “substantial limitations that will help prevent Iran from creating a nuclear weapon,” U.S. President Barack Obama said in a nationally televised address.

The deal,  addresses Iran’s ability to enrich uranium, what to do about its existing enriched uranium stockpiles, the number and potential of its centrifuges and Tehran’s “ability to produce weapons-grade plutonium using the Arak reactor,” according to a statement released by the White House.

Iran also agreed to provide “increased transparency and intrusive monitoring of its nuclear program,” it said.

U.S. President Obama warned that if Tehran violates terms of the deal, “we will turn off the relief and ratchet up the pressure.”

But closed-door U.S.-Iran negotiations had been taking place for a while.

According to a statement released by the White House, the deal halts Tehran’s nuclear program, including halting the development at the Arak reactor and requiring all of the uranium enriched to 20% — close to weapons-grade — to be diluted so it cannot be converted for military purposes.

The Arak heavy water reactor under construction southwest of Tehran had been a sticking point in earlier negotiations.

For years, Iran and Western powers have left negotiating tables in disagreement, frustration and at times open animosity.

But the diplomatic tone changed with the transfer of power after Iran’s election this year, which saw President Hassan Rouhani replace Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.

Rouhani has struck up a more conciliatory tone and made the lifting sanctions against his country a priority.

Despite the sanctions, Iran today has 19,000 centrifuges and is building more advanced ones, according to Mark Hibbs, a nuclear policy expert at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Most world powers believe that Iran could not realistically build a usable bomb in less than a year, Hibbs said.

The Israeli position.-

There was no immediate reaction from Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who has consistently asked the West to be wary of any deals with Iran.

However, Israeli Intelligence Minister Yubal Steinitz reiterated the Israeli government stance when he said Sunday morning that the last-second amendments put into the agreement are “far from satisfactory.”

“This agreement is still bad and will make it more difficult than before to achieve an appropriate solution in the future,” he said.

“You can be sure that President Obama will speak to Prime Minister Netanyahu” on Sunday about the Iran agreement,

a senior administration official said to U.S. media.

“Ultimately, we understand why Israel is particularly skeptical about Iran,” the official said, adding, “This is not simply about trusting the Iranian government. There are strict verification measures.”

First disagreements.-

“The first step, let me be clear, does not say that Iran has a right to enrich uranium,” Kerry said, appearing to contradict claims earlier by Iran’s Deputy Foreign Minister Seyed Abbas Araghchi.

Araghchi — on Twitter feed commonly attributed to him by Iranian media — said that “our enrichment program was recognized.”

In exchange for Iran’s concessions, sanctions on its oil revenues will be eased. But Kerry said the agreement does not roll back the “vast majority of the sanctions that are currently in place.”